Organism : Bacillus subtilis | Module List:
Module 302 Profile

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Cytoscape Web
Network Help

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges.

Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Regulators for Module 302

There are 14 regulatory influences for Module 302

Regulator Table (14)
Regulator Name Type
BSU32560 tf
BSU01690 tf
BSU34220 tf
BSU10420 tf
BSU40990 tf
BSU19090 tf
BSU19050 tf
BSU00700 tf
BSU27080 tf
BSU23120 tf
BSU12560 tf
BSU04730 tf
BSU09560 tf
BSU00560 tf

Regulator Help

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type.

tf: Transcription factor

ef: Environmental factor

combiner: Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Table is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motif information (de novo identified motifs for modules)

There are 2 motifs predicted.

Motif Table (2)
Motif Id e-value Consensus Motif Logo
5542 5.10e-03 CcaGTcACcaAaaAACGGGaaAAA
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5543 1.90e-01 CcCTtAaAAtaActGAaaGaCggA
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Motif Help

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Functional Enrichment

Regulon 302 is enriched for following functions.

KEGG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Environmental Information Processing kegg category 2.66e-02 4.88e-02 4/26
Membrane Transport kegg subcategory 3.64e-03 1.17e-02 4/26
ABC transporters kegg pathway 1.11e-03 5.68e-03 4/26

COG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini& Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Carbohydrate transport and metabolism cog subcategory 6.69e-03 1.10e-02 5/26
Lipid transport and metabolism cog subcategory 4.69e-03 7.84e-03 3/26
General function prediction only cog subcategory 3.30e-02 4.95e-02 5/26
Functions Help

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Members for Module 302

There are 26 genes in Module 302

Gene Member Table (26)
Name Common name Type Gene ID Chromosome Start End Strand Description TF
BSU01690 ybbH CDS None chromosome 191181 192032 - putative transcriptional regulator (RefSeq) True
BSU01700 murQ CDS None chromosome 192049 192963 - N-acetylmuramic acid-6-phosphate etherase (RefSeq) False
BSU02520 ycbJ CDS None chromosome 275829 276749 + putative phosphotransferase (RefSeq) False
BSU12400 yjnA CDS None chromosome 1312161 1312925 - putative integral inner membrane protein (RefSeq) False
BSU17110 pksD CDS None chromosome 1784403 1785293 + enzyme involved in polyketide synthesis (RefSeq) False
BSU18910 rapK CDS None chromosome 2061361 2062476 + response regulator aspartate phosphatase (RefSeq) False
BSU19040 csaA CDS None chromosome 2078425 2078757 - molecular chaperone (RefSeq) False
BSU24600 sinI CDS None chromosome 2551678 2551851 + antagonist of SinR (RefSeq) False
BSU27840 safA CDS None chromosome 2843900 2845063 - morphogenetic protein associated with SpoVID (RefSeq) False
BSU32550 yurJ CDS None chromosome 3344040 3345143 - putative multiple sugar ABC transporter (ATP-binding protein) (RefSeq) False
BSU32560 frlR CDS None chromosome 3345265 3346053 + DNA-binding transcriptional regulator FrlR (RefSeq) True
BSU32570 frlD CDS None chromosome 3346078 3346932 - fructoselysine kinase (RefSeq) False
BSU32580 frlM CDS None chromosome 3346946 3347848 - putative fructose-amino acid permease (RefSeq) False
BSU32590 frlN CDS None chromosome 3347852 3348730 - putative fructose-amino acid permease (RefSeq) False
BSU32600 frlO CDS None chromosome 3348788 3350056 - putative fructose amino acid-binding lipoprotein (RefSeq) False
BSU32610 frlB CDS None chromosome 3350137 3351123 - fructoselysine-6-P-deglycase (RefSeq) False
BSU37460 rapF CDS None chromosome 3845024 3846169 + response regulator aspartate phosphatase (RefSeq) False
BSU37470 phrF CDS None chromosome 3846153 3846272 + secreted regulator of the activity of phosphatase RapF (RefSeq) False
BSU37690 ywfG CDS None chromosome 3867309 3868508 - transaminase (RefSeq) False
BSU37700 bacE CDS None chromosome 3868509 3869693 - efflux protein for bacilysin excretion, self-protection against bacilysin (RefSeq) False
BSU37710 bacD CDS None chromosome 3869690 3871108 - alanine-anticapsin ligase (RefSeq) False
BSU37720 bacC CDS None chromosome 3871127 3871894 - bacilysin biosynthesis oxidoreductase (RefSeq) False
BSU37730 bacB CDS None chromosome 3871891 3872598 - isomerase component of bacilysin synthetase (RefSeq) False
BSU39600 yxeC CDS None chromosome 4065622 4066020 - putative integral inner membrane protein (RefSeq) False
BSU39610 yxeB CDS None chromosome 4066198 4067157 + ABC transporter (ferrioxamine binding lipoprotein) (RefSeq) False
BSU39950 yxaJ CDS None chromosome 4102782 4103210 - putative integral inner membrane protein (RefSeq) False

Genes Help

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Comments for Module 302

Please add your comments for this module by using the form below. Your comments will be publicly available.

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Social Help

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Help

What is a module?

Regulatory units (modules) in the Network Portal are based on the network inference algorithm used. For the current version, modules are based on cMonkey modules and Inferelator regulatory influences on these modules. More specifically, module refers to set of genes that are conditionally co-regulated under subset of the conditions. Identification of modules integrates co-expression, de-novo motif identification, and other functional associations such as operon information and protein-protein interactions.

Module Overview

The landing module page shows quick summary info including co-expression profiles, de-novo identified motifs, and transcription factors and/or environmental factors as regulatory influences. It also includes module residual, motif e-values, conditions and links to other resources such as NCBI and Microbesonline. . If a transcription factor is included in the manually curated RegPrecise database, further information from RegPrecise is shown, allowing users to perform comparative analysis.

Expression Profiles

Expression profiles is a plot of the expression ratios (log10) of the module's genes, over all subset of the conditions included in the module. The X-axis represent conditions and the Y-axis represents log10 expression ratios. Each gene is plotted as line plot with different colors. Colored legend for the lines are presented under the plot. This plot is dynamic. Clicking on the gene names in the legend will show/hide the plot for that particular gene. A tooltip will show expression ratio information if you mouseover the lines in the plot.

Motif Locations

Location of the Identified motifs for the module in the upstream regions of the member genes are shown under the expression profiles plot. This plot shows the diagram of the upstream positions of the motifs, colored red and green for motifs #1, and 2, respectively. Intensity of the color is proportional to the significance of the occurence of that motif at a given location. Motifs on the forward and reverse strand are represented over and under the line respectively.

Network

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges. Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif

Regulators

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type. tf: Transcription factor, ef: Environmental factor and combiner:Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Tabel is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motifs

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Functions

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Genes

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Social

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Definitions

Residual: is a measure of bicluster quality. Mean bicluster residual is smaller when the expression profile of the genes in the module is "tighter". So smaller residuals are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Expression Profile: is a preview of the expression profiles of all the genes under subset of conditions included in the module. Tighter expression profiles are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Genes: Number of genes included in the module.

Functions: We identify functional enrichment of each module by camparing to different functional categories such as KEGG, COG, GO etc. by using hypergeometric function. If the module is significantly enriched for any of the functions, this column will list few of the these functions as an overview. Full list of functions is available upon visiting the module page under the Functions tab.