Organism : Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough | Module List:
Module 216 Profile

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Cytoscape Web
Network Help

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges.

Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Regulators for Module 216

There are 11 regulatory influences for Module 216

Regulator Table (11)
Regulator Name Type
DVU2886 tf
DVU1964 tf
DVU0594 tf
DVU2114
DVU1063
combiner
DVU2527 tf
DVU3334
DVU2832
combiner
DVU2799 tf
DVU0594
DVU3186
combiner
DVU3186
DVU2633
combiner
DVU2114
DVU1142
combiner
DVU2886
DVU2832
combiner

Regulator Help

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type.

tf: Transcription factor

ef: Environmental factor

combiner: Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Table is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motif information (de novo identified motifs for modules)

There are 2 motifs predicted.
Click on the RegPredict links to explore the motif in RegPredict.

Motif Table (2)
Motif Id e-value Consensus Motif Logo RegPredict
411 0.00e+00 atAtcAg.Aat.gtT..tgt
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RegPredict
412 3.60e+01 at.TcCTTtCg.tgtttcaa
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RegPredict
Motif Help

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Functional Enrichment

Regulon 216 is enriched for following functions.

KEGG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Energy Metabolism kegg subcategory 2.61e-03 1.41e-02 3/21
Amino Acid Metabolism kegg subcategory 1.70e-02 4.92e-02 3/21
Metabolism kegg category 9.02e-04 7.86e-03 11/21
Energy Metabolism kegg subcategory 2.51e-03 1.19e-02 3/21
Global kegg category 1.34e-02 3.21e-02 6/21
Metabolism kegg subcategory 1.34e-02 3.21e-02 6/21

GO Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini& Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
electron transport biological_process 4.08e-04 1.29e-03 5/21
electron carrier activity molecular_function 1.62e-03 3.02e-03 3/21

COG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini& Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones cog subcategory 1.56e-03 2.23e-02 3/21
Energy production and conversion cog subcategory 1.09e-03 1.86e-02 5/21
Coenzyme transport and metabolism cog subcategory 4.90e-03 4.88e-02 3/21
Metabolism cog category 1.48e-03 2.65e-02 11/21
Metabolism cog category 8.10e-04 1.61e-03 11/21
Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones cog subcategory 1.56e-03 2.96e-03 3/21
Energy production and conversion cog subcategory 1.09e-03 2.12e-03 5/21
Coenzyme transport and metabolism cog subcategory 4.90e-03 8.88e-03 3/21
Functions Help

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Members for Module 216

There are 21 genes in Module 216

Gene Member Table (21)
Name Common name Type Gene ID Chromosome Start End Strand Description TF
DVU0024 CDS 2793531 chromosome 27468 27638 + hypothetical protein DVU0024 False
DVU0033 CDS 2795102 chromosome 39764 40378 + isochorismatase family protein False
DVU0606 CDS 2793367 chromosome 674210 675133 + ArsR family transcriptional regulator True
DVU0607 ahcY CDS 2793368 chromosome 675159 676598 + S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase False
DVU0772 CDS 2794843 chromosome 863400 863747 - hypothetical protein DVU0772 False
DVU0924 rumA CDS 2794260 chromosome 1014520 1015926 - 23S rRNA (uracil-5-)-methyltransferase RumA False
DVU0943 CDS 2794587 chromosome 1035361 1037160 + hypothetical protein DVU0943 False
DVU0997 metF CDS 2794154 chromosome 1090724 1091599 + 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase False
DVU1170 CDS 2794858 chromosome 1263761 1263949 - hypothetical protein DVU1170 False
DVU1228 tpX CDS 2794123 chromosome 1317780 1318298 - thiol peroxidase False
DVU2241 pdxA CDS 2795393 chromosome 2334036 2335256 - pyridoxal phosphate biosynthetic protein PdxA False
DVU2247 CDS 2795399 chromosome 2344057 2344671 - anti-oxidant AhpCTSA family protein False
DVU2248 CDS 2795400 chromosome 2344699 2344803 + hypothetical protein DVU2248 False
DVU2318 CDS 2795278 chromosome 2413715 2414209 + rubrerythrin False
DVU2407 CDS 2794492 chromosome 2511892 2512392 - hypothetical protein DVU2407 False
DVU3093 rdl CDS 2795965 chromosome 3236518 3236745 - rubredoxin-like protein False
DVU3094 rr CDS 2795966 chromosome 3236764 3237339 - rubrerythrin False
DVU3095 CDS 2795967 chromosome 3237384 3237770 - Fur family transcriptional regulator True
DVU3188 CDS 2793838 chromosome 3347482 3348201 - NLP/P60 family protein False
DVU3270 cydB CDS 2795994 chromosome 3447306 3448331 - cytochrome d ubiquinol oxidase subunit II False
DVU3271 cydA CDS 2795995 chromosome 3448377 3449678 - cytochrome d ubiquinol oxidase subunit I False

Genes Help

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Comments for Module 216

Please add your comments for this module by using the form below. Your comments will be publicly available.

comments powered by Disqus
Social Help

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Help

What is a module?

Regulatory units (modules) in the Network Portal are based on the network inference algorithm used. For the current version, modules are based on cMonkey modules and Inferelator regulatory influences on these modules. More specifically, module refers to set of genes that are conditionally co-regulated under subset of the conditions. Identification of modules integrates co-expression, de-novo motif identification, and other functional associations such as operon information and protein-protein interactions.

Module Overview

The landing module page shows quick summary info including co-expression profiles, de-novo identified motifs, and transcription factors and/or environmental factors as regulatory influences. It also includes module residual, motif e-values, conditions and links to other resources such as NCBI and Microbesonline. . If a transcription factor is included in the manually curated RegPrecise database, further information from RegPrecise is shown, allowing users to perform comparative analysis.

Expression Profiles

Expression profiles is a plot of the expression ratios (log10) of the module's genes, over all subset of the conditions included in the module. The X-axis represent conditions and the Y-axis represents log10 expression ratios. Each gene is plotted as line plot with different colors. Colored legend for the lines are presented under the plot. This plot is dynamic. Clicking on the gene names in the legend will show/hide the plot for that particular gene. A tooltip will show expression ratio information if you mouseover the lines in the plot.

Motif Locations

Location of the Identified motifs for the module in the upstream regions of the member genes are shown under the expression profiles plot. This plot shows the diagram of the upstream positions of the motifs, colored red and green for motifs #1, and 2, respectively. Intensity of the color is proportional to the significance of the occurence of that motif at a given location. Motifs on the forward and reverse strand are represented over and under the line respectively.

Network

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges. Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif

Regulators

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type. tf: Transcription factor, ef: Environmental factor and combiner:Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Tabel is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motifs

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Functions

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Genes

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Social

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Definitions

Residual: is a measure of bicluster quality. Mean bicluster residual is smaller when the expression profile of the genes in the module is "tighter". So smaller residuals are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Expression Profile: is a preview of the expression profiles of all the genes under subset of conditions included in the module. Tighter expression profiles are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Genes: Number of genes included in the module.

Functions: We identify functional enrichment of each module by camparing to different functional categories such as KEGG, COG, GO etc. by using hypergeometric function. If the module is significantly enriched for any of the functions, this column will list few of the these functions as an overview. Full list of functions is available upon visiting the module page under the Functions tab.