Organism : Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough | Module List:
Module 227 Profile

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Cytoscape Web
Network Help

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges.

Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Regulators for Module 227

There are 11 regulatory influences for Module 227

Regulator Table (11)
Regulator Name Type
DVU2086
DVU0744
combiner
DVU0813
DVU0230
combiner
DVU2567 tf
DVU2909
DVU1730
combiner
DVU0277 tf
DVU2909
DVU2690
combiner
DVU0619
DVU0230
combiner
DVU0277
DVU0916
combiner
DVU0744
DVU2690
combiner
DVU2547
DVU0230
combiner
DVU2567
DVU0813
combiner

Regulator Help

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type.

tf: Transcription factor

ef: Environmental factor

combiner: Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Table is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motif information (de novo identified motifs for modules)

There are 2 motifs predicted.
Click on the RegPredict links to explore the motif in RegPredict.

Motif Table (2)
Motif Id e-value Consensus Motif Logo RegPredict
433 4.10e+03 CTGCTGaCGatG
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RegPredict
434 8.30e+03 AtcatCGcctt
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RegPredict
Motif Help

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Functional Enrichment

Regulon 227 is enriched for following functions.

KEGG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Metabolism of Cofactors and Vitamins kegg subcategory 4.70e-03 2.20e-02 3/22
Genetic Information Processing kegg category 5.46e-03 3.36e-02 4/22
Metabolism of Cofactors and Vitamins kegg subcategory 4.55e-03 1.65e-02 3/22
Genetic Information Processing kegg category 3.12e-03 1.33e-02 4/22

GO Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini& Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
proteolysis biological_process 3.75e-04 1.22e-03 3/22
protein binding molecular_function 4.00e-06 2.40e-05 3/22
ATP binding molecular_function 3.66e-02 4.55e-02 4/22

TIGRFam Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini& Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Protein fate tigr mainrole 0.00e+00 4.00e-06 6/22
Protein fate tigr mainrole 0.00e+00 0.00e+00 6/22

COG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini& Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones cog subcategory 1.61e-04 4.90e-03 4/22
Information storage and processing cog category 3.66e-03 6.72e-03 6/22
Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones cog subcategory 1.61e-04 3.77e-04 4/22
Coenzyme transport and metabolism cog subcategory 5.83e-03 1.04e-02 3/22
Functions Help

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Members for Module 227

There are 22 genes in Module 227

Gene Member Table (22)
Name Common name Type Gene ID Chromosome Start End Strand Description TF
DVU0525 CDS 2794891 chromosome 598268 598936 + MarR family transcriptional regulator True
DVU0759 CDS 2793598 chromosome 849749 850954 - M29 family peptidase False
DVU0825 secA CDS 2796172 chromosome 913045 915546 - preprotein translocase subunit SecA False
DVU0856 hemB CDS 2794185 chromosome 945759 946751 - delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase False
DVU0864 CDS 2796161 chromosome 956549 957334 - glycoprotease family protein False
DVU0865 CDS 2796162 chromosome 957331 958395 - membrane-associated zinc metalloprotease False
DVU1191 CDS 2796591 chromosome 1281920 1284490 - ATP-dependent protease La False
DVU1193 radC CDS 2796593 chromosome 1284798 1285475 - DNA repair protein RadC False
DVU1267 CDS 2793587 chromosome 1357839 1358522 - hypothetical protein DVU1267 False
DVU1432 CDS 2795158 chromosome 1510471 1513065 - radical SAM domain-containing protein False
DVU1467 hslU CDS 2794885 chromosome 1546644 1547969 - ATP-dependent protease ATP-binding subunit HslU False
DVU1788 rpoD CDS 2793314 chromosome 1851002 1852774 - RNA polymerase sigma-70 factor True
DVU1789 dnaG CDS 2793315 chromosome 1852767 1854485 - DNA primase False
DVU1855 CDS 2793637 chromosome 1922796 1923116 + integrase, truncation False
DVU2363 thiM CDS 2796522 chromosome 2460101 2460904 - hydroxyethylthiazole kinase False
DVU2487 CDS 2795455 chromosome 2598213 2599400 - hypothetical protein DVU2487 False
DVU2488 CDS 2795456 chromosome 2599382 2599501 + hypothetical protein DVU2488 False
DVU2554 CDS 2796128 chromosome 2665572 2666456 - hypothetical protein DVU2554 False
DVU3243 dnaJ CDS 2793893 chromosome 3413276 3414406 + chaperone protein DnaJ False
DVU3315 pyrK CDS 2796051 chromosome 3493097 3493915 + dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, electron transfer subunit False
DVU3365 fmt CDS 2795679 chromosome 3535794 3536786 - methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase False
DVU3366 def CDS 2795680 chromosome 3536759 3537274 - polypeptide deformylase False

Genes Help

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Comments for Module 227

Please add your comments for this module by using the form below. Your comments will be publicly available.

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Social Help

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Help

What is a module?

Regulatory units (modules) in the Network Portal are based on the network inference algorithm used. For the current version, modules are based on cMonkey modules and Inferelator regulatory influences on these modules. More specifically, module refers to set of genes that are conditionally co-regulated under subset of the conditions. Identification of modules integrates co-expression, de-novo motif identification, and other functional associations such as operon information and protein-protein interactions.

Module Overview

The landing module page shows quick summary info including co-expression profiles, de-novo identified motifs, and transcription factors and/or environmental factors as regulatory influences. It also includes module residual, motif e-values, conditions and links to other resources such as NCBI and Microbesonline. . If a transcription factor is included in the manually curated RegPrecise database, further information from RegPrecise is shown, allowing users to perform comparative analysis.

Expression Profiles

Expression profiles is a plot of the expression ratios (log10) of the module's genes, over all subset of the conditions included in the module. The X-axis represent conditions and the Y-axis represents log10 expression ratios. Each gene is plotted as line plot with different colors. Colored legend for the lines are presented under the plot. This plot is dynamic. Clicking on the gene names in the legend will show/hide the plot for that particular gene. A tooltip will show expression ratio information if you mouseover the lines in the plot.

Motif Locations

Location of the Identified motifs for the module in the upstream regions of the member genes are shown under the expression profiles plot. This plot shows the diagram of the upstream positions of the motifs, colored red and green for motifs #1, and 2, respectively. Intensity of the color is proportional to the significance of the occurence of that motif at a given location. Motifs on the forward and reverse strand are represented over and under the line respectively.

Network

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges. Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif

Regulators

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type. tf: Transcription factor, ef: Environmental factor and combiner:Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Tabel is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motifs

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Functions

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Genes

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Social

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Definitions

Residual: is a measure of bicluster quality. Mean bicluster residual is smaller when the expression profile of the genes in the module is "tighter". So smaller residuals are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Expression Profile: is a preview of the expression profiles of all the genes under subset of conditions included in the module. Tighter expression profiles are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Genes: Number of genes included in the module.

Functions: We identify functional enrichment of each module by camparing to different functional categories such as KEGG, COG, GO etc. by using hypergeometric function. If the module is significantly enriched for any of the functions, this column will list few of the these functions as an overview. Full list of functions is available upon visiting the module page under the Functions tab.