tRNA aminoacylation

id: GO:0043039
name: tRNA aminoacylation
namespace: biological_process
type: go
obsolete: False

Description: The chemical reactions and pathways by which the various amino acids become bonded to their corresponding tRNAs. The most common route for synthesis of aminoacyl tRNA is by the formation of an ester bond between the 3'-hydroxyl group of the most 3' adenosine of the tRNA, usually catalyzed by the cognate aminoacyl-tRNA ligase. A given aminoacyl-tRNA ligase aminoacylates all species of an isoaccepting group of tRNA molecules.

Child Functions

GO:0006418tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation
GO:0043040tRNA aminoacylation for nonribosomal peptide biosynthetic process
GO:0070680asparaginyl-tRNAAsn biosynthesis via transamidation
GO:0070681glutaminyl-tRNAGln biosynthesis via transamidation

Parent Functions

GO:0006399tRNA metabolic process
GO:0043038amino acid activation