Prospective Discrimination of Controllers From Progressors Early After Low-Dose Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection of Cynomolgus Macaques using Blood RNA Signatures.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


J Infect Dis, Volume 217, Issue 8, p.1318-1322 (2018)


<p>The cynomolgus macaque model of low-dose Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection recapitulates clinical aspects of human tuberculosis pathology, but it is unknown whether the 2 systems are sufficiently similar that host-based signatures of tuberculosis will be predictive across species. By blind prediction, we demonstrate that a subset of genes comprising a human signature for tuberculosis risk is simultaneously predictive in humans and macaques and prospectively discriminates progressor from controller animals 3-6 weeks after infection. Further analysis yielded a 3-gene signature involving PRDX2 that predicts tuberculosis progression in macaques 10 days after challenge, suggesting novel pathways that define protective responses to M. tuberculosis.</p>