Organism : Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1 | Module List:
Module 159 Profile

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Cytoscape Web
Network Help

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges.

Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif
Regulators for Module 159

There are 13 regulatory influences for Module 159

Regulator Table (13)
Regulator Name Type
RSP_0443 tf
RSP_2850 tf
RSP_2838 tf
RSP_1892 tf
RSP_0386 tf
RSP_2922 tf
RSP_3700 tf
RSP_2533 tf
RSP_0755 tf
RSP_1663 tf
RSP_1741 tf
RSP_0601 tf
RSP_2346 tf

Regulator Help

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type.

tf: Transcription factor

ef: Environmental factor

combiner: Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Table is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motif information (de novo identified motifs for modules)

There are 2 motifs predicted.

Motif Table (2)
Motif Id e-value Consensus Motif Logo
8038 3.20e-69 GATAtTTgggCCAGAaTGAAaG
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8039 1.30e-17 cGGGggtCgGGGGGCAGac.cCCC
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Motif Help

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Functional Enrichment

Regulon 159 is enriched for following functions.

KEGG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Metabolism of Cofactors and Vitamins kegg subcategory 1.82e-02 3.92e-02 3/27

COG Enrichment Table

Function Name Function Type Unadjusted pvalue Benjamini& Hochberg pvalue Genes with function Method
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis cog subcategory 1.82e-02 2.85e-02 3/27
Functions Help

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Members for Module 159

There are 27 genes in Module 159

Gene Member Table (27)
Name Common name Type Gene ID Chromosome Start End Strand Description TF
RSP_0006 RSP_0006 CDS None chromosome 1 1708728 1709615 + possible transporter, DMT superfamily (NCBI) False
RSP_0389 folA CDS None chromosome 1 2120618 2121097 - Dihydrofolate reductase (NCBI) False
RSP_0390 RSP_0390 CDS None chromosome 1 2121097 2121993 - Thymidylate synthase (NCBI) False
RSP_0395 rpoD CDS None chromosome 1 2125036 2127042 - RNA polymerase sigma factor RpoD (NCBI) True
RSP_0396 RSP_0396 CDS None chromosome 1 2124644 2125024 - hypothetical protein (NCBI) False
RSP_0397 dnaG CDS None chromosome 1 2127147 2129078 - DNA primase (DnaG) (NCBI) False
RSP_0442 RSP_0442 CDS None chromosome 1 2173313 2174359 - putative aminotransferase (NCBI) False
RSP_0447 RSP_0447 CDS None chromosome 1 2177913 2178515 + hypothetical protein (NCBI) False
RSP_0597 RSP_0597 CDS None chromosome 1 2338792 2339841 - Probable molybdopterin biosynthesis protein (NCBI) False
RSP_0598 RSP_0598 CDS None chromosome 1 2339838 2340305 - Probable deoxyuridine-triphosphatase (NCBI) False
RSP_0627 RSP_0627 CDS None chromosome 1 2364304 2365179 - Putative amidohydrolase (NCBI) False
RSP_0628 RSP_0628 CDS None chromosome 1 2365199 2365786 - hypothetical protein (NCBI) False
RSP_0629 RSP_0629 CDS None chromosome 1 2365783 2366184 - hypothetical protein (NCBI) False
RSP_0630 RSP_0630 CDS None chromosome 1 2366171 2366662 - hypothetical protein (NCBI) False
RSP_0631 RSP_0631 CDS None chromosome 1 2366659 2367135 - hypothetical protein (NCBI) False
RSP_0632 hisD1 CDS None chromosome 1 2367139 2368443 - Histidinol dehydrogenase (NCBI) False
RSP_0776 LolD CDS None chromosome 1 2518706 2519380 - ABC lipoprotein efflux transporter, ATPase subunit, LolD (NCBI) False
RSP_0777 LolE CDS None chromosome 1 2519373 2520659 - ABC lipoprotein efflux transporter, inner membrane subunit, LolE (NCBI) False
RSP_2143 RSP_2143 CDS None chromosome 1 744522 745937 + DNA photolyase, Cryptochrome 1 apoprotein (Blue light photoreceptor) (NCBI) False
RSP_2212 rimI CDS None chromosome 1 825839 826321 - putative acetyltransferase (NCBI) False
RSP_2213 RSP_2213 CDS None chromosome 1 826318 826926 - hypothetical protein (NCBI) False
RSP_2340 RSP_2340 CDS None chromosome 1 965892 967202 - MiaB-like Radical SAM protein (NCBI) False
RSP_2723 RSP_2723 CDS None chromosome 1 1373279 1374931 + Isopropylmalate/homocitrate/citramalate synthases (NCBI) False
RSP_2724 RSP_2724 CDS None chromosome 1 1374928 1375647 + Probable Methylase involved in ubiquinone/menaquinone biosynthesis (NCBI) False
RSP_2725 RSP_2725 CDS None chromosome 1 1375644 1376411 + Probable Phytoene/squalene synthetase (NCBI) False
RSP_2906 RSP_2906 CDS None chromosome 1 1584810 1585646 - Putative methylase (NCBI) False
RSP_2978 mrcA CDS None chromosome 1 1665840 1668389 - Penicillin-binding protein 1A (PBP-1a) (NCBI) False

Genes Help

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Comments for Module 159

Please add your comments for this module by using the form below. Your comments will be publicly available.

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Social Help

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Help

What is a module?

Regulatory units (modules) in the Network Portal are based on the network inference algorithm used. For the current version, modules are based on cMonkey modules and Inferelator regulatory influences on these modules. More specifically, module refers to set of genes that are conditionally co-regulated under subset of the conditions. Identification of modules integrates co-expression, de-novo motif identification, and other functional associations such as operon information and protein-protein interactions.

Module Overview

The landing module page shows quick summary info including co-expression profiles, de-novo identified motifs, and transcription factors and/or environmental factors as regulatory influences. It also includes module residual, motif e-values, conditions and links to other resources such as NCBI and Microbesonline. . If a transcription factor is included in the manually curated RegPrecise database, further information from RegPrecise is shown, allowing users to perform comparative analysis.

Expression Profiles

Expression profiles is a plot of the expression ratios (log10) of the module's genes, over all subset of the conditions included in the module. The X-axis represent conditions and the Y-axis represents log10 expression ratios. Each gene is plotted as line plot with different colors. Colored legend for the lines are presented under the plot. This plot is dynamic. Clicking on the gene names in the legend will show/hide the plot for that particular gene. A tooltip will show expression ratio information if you mouseover the lines in the plot.

Motif Locations

Location of the Identified motifs for the module in the upstream regions of the member genes are shown under the expression profiles plot. This plot shows the diagram of the upstream positions of the motifs, colored red and green for motifs #1, and 2, respectively. Intensity of the color is proportional to the significance of the occurence of that motif at a given location. Motifs on the forward and reverse strand are represented over and under the line respectively.

Network

A network view of the module is created using cytoscapeWeb and enables dynamic, interactive exploration of the module properties. In this view, module member genes, motifs, and regulatory influences are represented as peripheral nodes connected to core module node via edges. Module members are green circles, regulators are red triangles and motifs are blue diamonds. Selection of a node gives access to detailed information in a pop-up window, which allows dragging and pinning to compare multiple selections. Selecting module members will show information about the selected gene such as name, species and fucntions. Motif selection will show motif logo image and e-values. Bicluster selction will show expression profile and summary statistics for the module.

GeneModule member RegulatorRegulator MotifMotif

Regulators

For each module, single or AND logic connected regulatory influences are listed under the regulators tab. These regulatory influences are identified by Inferelator. Table shows name of the regulator and its type. tf: Transcription factor, ef: Environmental factor and combiner:Combinatorial influence of a tf or an ef through logic gate. Tabel is sortable by clicking on the arrows next to column headers.

Motifs

Transcription factor binding motifs help to elucidate regulatory mechanism. cMonkey integrates powerful de novo motif detection to identify conditionally co-regulated sets of genes. De novo predicted motifs for each module are listed in the module page as motif logo images along with associated prediction statistics (e-values). The main module page also shows the location of these motifs within the upstream sequences of the module member genes.

Motifs of interest can be broadcasted to RegPredict (currently only available for Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough) in order to compare conservation in similar species. This integrated motif prediction and comparative analysis provides an additional checkpoint for regulatory motif prediction confidence.

Functions

Biological networks contain sets of regulatory units called functional modules that together play a role in regulation of specific functional processes. Connections between different modules in the network can help identify regulatory relationships such as hierarchy and epistasis. In addition, associating functions with modules enables putative assignment of functions to hypothetical genes. It is therefore essential to identify functional enrichment of modules within the regulatory network.

Functional annotations from single sources are often either not available or not complete. Therefore, we integrated KEGG pathway, Gene Ontology, TIGRFam and COG information as references for functional enrichment analysis.

We use hypergeometric p-values to identify significant overlaps between co-regulated module members and genes assigned to a particular functional annotation category. P-values are corrected for multiple comparisons by using Benjamini-Hochberg correction and filtered for p-values ≤ 0.05.

Network Portal presents functional ontologies from KEGG, GO, TIGRFAM, and COG as separate tables that include function name, type, corrected and uncorrected hypergeometric p-values, and the number of genes assigned to this category out of total number of genes in the module.

Genes

Gene member table shows all the genes included in the module. Listed attributes are;

  1. Name: Gene name or Locus tag
  2. Common Name: Gene short name
  3. Type: Type of the feature, usually CDS.
  4. Gene ID: Link to NCBI Gene ID
  5. Chromosome: Chromosome name from annotation file
  6. Start/End:Feature start and end coordinates
  7. Strand: strand of the gene
  8. Description: Description of the gene from annotation file
  9. TF: If the gene is a Transcription Factor or not.

If you are browsing the Network Portal by using Gaggle/Firegoose, firegoose plugin will capture the NameList of the gene members. Captured names can be saved into your Workspace by clicking on "Capture" in the firegoose toolbar or can be directly sent other desktop and web resources by using "Broadcast" option.

Social

You can start a conversation about this module or join the existing discussion by adding your comments. In order to be able to add your comments you need to sign in by using any of the following services;Disqus, Google, Facebook or Twitter. For full compatibility with other network portal features, we recommend using your Google ID.

Definitions

Residual: is a measure of bicluster quality. Mean bicluster residual is smaller when the expression profile of the genes in the module is "tighter". So smaller residuals are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Expression Profile: is a preview of the expression profiles of all the genes under subset of conditions included in the module. Tighter expression profiles are usually indicative of better bicluster quality.

Motif e-value: cMonkey tries to identify two motifs per modules in the upstream sequences of the module member genes. Motif e-value is an indicative of the motif co-occurences between the members of the module.Smaller e-values are indicative of significant sequence motifs. Our experience showed that e-values smaller than 10 are generally indicative of significant motifs.

Genes: Number of genes included in the module.

Functions: We identify functional enrichment of each module by camparing to different functional categories such as KEGG, COG, GO etc. by using hypergeometric function. If the module is significantly enriched for any of the functions, this column will list few of the these functions as an overview. Full list of functions is available upon visiting the module page under the Functions tab.